When you get a legal job in US, you will receive pay check. When you get paid, you will receive a pay stub. A pay stub, is a document that lists the gross income and all taxes and any other deductions such as retirement plan contributions, insurances, garnishments, or charitable contributions taken out of the gross pay. It will list your final net pay that will be sent to you( direct deposit or check).
We will look at sample pay stub and go over various taxes that are deducted from your gross salary and voluntary deductions. Pay stub is also referred as Pay statement, pay check stub, payroll statement.
Sample Pay Stub
Following image is a sample pay stub from ADP (payroll provider). Click on the pay stub/tax image to expand.
Payroll Tax Deductions
Following taxes have to be withheld from an employee’s paycheck. This is mandatory and required by law. Usually, employers will hire third party companies like ADP to handle payroll processing. Payroll tax deductions include the following
- Federal income tax withholding
- FICA Taxes
- Social Security tax withholding
- Medicare tax withholding
- State income tax withholding
- Other taxes (city, county, etc)
Social Security Tax equates to 6.2% and Medicare taxes is 1.45%.
Voluntary Payroll Deductions
Voluntary payroll deductions (listed as Others in above sample) are withheld from paycheck only if the employee has agreed to certain deductions. Voluntary payroll deductions include the following:
- Health insurance (medical, dental, and eyecare)
- Life insurance
- Employee stock purchase plans (ESPP )
Voluntary deductions can be from pre-tax dollars or after-tax from Gross.
- If you live and work in states like Texas, Florida, Alaska, South Dakota, Wyoming, Washington doesn’t have State Income tax. Which means Any State Income tax deduction (43.68) will not deducted, which will be additional savings for you.
- If you live in New York City, then you will pay, high federal tax, state tax and then city taxes. Which will lower your income, but usually taxes are compensated by higher salary. Higher salary doesn’t always mean more savings. You have take cost of living into account.
- If you are in OPT, CPT you are not required to pay Social Security and Medicare Taxes (FICA Taxes)
Hope this article gave an overview about pay stub and if you have questions about taxes, 401k or other deductions, leave a comment. I’m not a tax expert, but I will try to respond to your questions, if I know the answer. 2 things are certain in life – Taxes and Death.
FICA Taxes OPT, CPT
Students in F1 Visa and working using CPT or OPT are not required to pat FICA taxes. Thats 6.2% (Social Security) + Medicare taxes is 1.45% in savings.